FFP - SFP What Does It All Mean?

FFP - SFP What Does It All Mean?

You may have seen two acronyms floating around while shopping for rifle scopes, they are SFP and FFP. SFP is second focal plane, and FFP is first focal plane. Both refer to the focal plane that the reticles exist in. This applies only to variable power scopes. A fixed power scope, a red dot, or holographic doesn’t have a focal plane you should be concerned about. FFP and SFP have their strengths and weaknesses, and like almost any scope consideration you have to focus on what the scope and the rifle is for.

January 2018 Pistol Poker Competition

We had a great turnout for the first Pistol Poker Competition of the new year. We had 8 competitors that played double elimination poker with 1st, 2nd, and 3rd place winners awarded swag bags from some of their favorite brands.

Once again Scott took home first place and chose the Springfield Armory Swag Bag.

Lisa won 2nd place, taking home a Glock Swag Bag.

And Jared, Lisa's husband, took third place.

Target Time Turkey Shoot

Congratulations to our first Turkey Shoot winner, Noah.

On November 16th, 2017, Noah took one shot to put a 00 Buck pellet in the black square on our Turkeys neck. A clean kill! And he didn't even have to get his boots muddy. His family was there to cheer him on.

Noah received a coupon to bring to Price Chopper South in Blue springs at 40 & 7 to exchange for a Thanksgiving Turkey. Noah plans to donate the Turkey to a needy family.


Pistol Poker

Target Time Defense hosted their first Pistol Poker Competition on October 18th, 2017. There were 6 competitors and they chose to shoot the targets backwards so that no one could see the targets in their double elimination tournament. For this event a computer generated and scored bracket was used, provided by challenge.com. Of the winners Mike had a rough start but came back to secure third place after winning in the loser brackets. Scott and Rick were head to head most of the night and faced off against each other several times before a Scott came through as the clear winner. Below is a screen shot of the competition brackets and a group photo with out winners and the owner of Target Time. (From left to right: Rick(2nd), Scott(1st), Mike(3rd), TJ Nigro(Owner)). You will also find pictures of the prizes they won.

The Light Flickered at First

The lights flickered briefly before going out this morning. We stood in darkness for a moment as some fumbled for the light switch and others for their cell phones. Then we heard a low buzz and a purple glow appeared down range. It seemed to be coming from the 7 yard line, and in shaking boots we moved ahead of the firing line to investigate the eerie glow. As we moved forward, I noticed the white in my shirt starting to glow and the whites of my co-workers eyes became visible. Black Light has taken over the bay and we don't know how it got there or how long it will stay.

Update 10/18: The spirits have made it clear that the purple glow will only last through October 31st. Shoot with us nightly to experience it for yourself.

Your Local Gun Store Offers the Promise of Adventure | Target Time Defense

Your Local Gun Store Offers the Promise of Adventure | Target Time Defense

Remember when you were young and going to the local gun shop with your dad and your grandpa was a real chore, a serious time waster? Neither do we!

Going to the gun shop is always a fun experience, even if it's just some small gun store in Missouri, off the beaten path and on the way home from your favorite hunting grounds. There's something about them, something that brings back memories of hunting trips and shooting adventures with family and friends. And of course, the gun store offers the promise of new memories in the making! What'll it be this year or next? Where will you find your next adventure? Will it be hunting for pheasant in South Dakota? Antelope in Colorado? Or something else—something even more extraordinary? Maybe bush pig in Zimbabwe!

The Benefits of Annual Membership at Your Missouri Shooting Range | Target Time Defense

We developed Target Time Defense to be a "next generation" indoor Missouri shooting range, gun shop, firearms education center, and self-defense training facility in Blue Springs, MO. We did it by combining the best in firearms training with a family-friendly approach and a clean, well-lit, top-of-the-line shooting range. When it came time to build our membership program, we came at it with that same "next generation" approach to make sure that all of our members receive the best possible shooting experience, along with plenty of unique perks.

What to Look for in a Missouri Shooting Range | Target Time Defense

Whether you're an old hand at shooting sports, have just picked up your first gun, or would simply like to learn more about how to defend your home and family, there's no better place to practice than in a clean, safe, professional Missouri shooting range. But when it comes time to look for a gun range, what should you be looking for to make sure that you and your family get the best (and safest) shooting experience possible? Look for a Missouri shooting range that is:

Target Time Talks Gun Safety on KCMO Radio and Social Media Channels

We're obviously pretty fond of shooting sports here at Target Time Defense. That said, we know an important part of responsible gun ownership is good gun safety.

Gun safety in the home begins with proper education. That's why Target Time not only offers plenty of courses in firearm safety, safe gun handling, and the NRA Eddie Eagle GunSafe program for kids, we also try to expand understanding of gun safety and gun-related topics through community outreach.

Every Saturday from noon to 1pm, Target Time owner TJ Nigro hosts Target Time KC Gun Talk on Kansas City's KCMO Talk Radio. On the show, TJ chats with local experts and explores current legislation, tackling gun-related topics that are in the headlines, including assault rifles, concealed carry, and police interactions. As the official training center for the Blue Springs, MO Police Department, Target Time understands the vital importance of gun safety and responsible gun ownership in keeping you, your family, and our police officers safe.

Besides the Target Time KC Gun Talk show, Target Time is actively engaged in sharing information on firearm safety and topics of interest to gun aficionados with the Blue Springs and Kansas City communities. That's why we use social media to share news and information, including gun safety tips and details about specials that are happening in our firearms training center and gun shop in Blue Springs, MO.

If you want to stay up to date on the latest, you can follow us on Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest, Google+, and LinkedIn. And of course, tune in every Saturday at noon to hear TJ Nigro discuss current gun legislation and firearm safety with local experts on Target Time KC Gun Talk on KCMO Talk Radio—or you can listen to episodes that you missed anytime on the website!

That's not even mentioning our blog, where we regularly post topics of interest to gun owners, including gun safety. Of course, if you're reading this, then you probably already know about our blog. But did you know that Target Time offers a range of courses for everyone from kids and beginners to old pros who just want to stay in practice? We've got certified instructors teaching classes for any interest, including women-only classes, a range of personal protection classes, concealed carry classes, and many more. 

Whether you're just learning how to use your first gun, or you're an old hand who wants to learn some new tricks, we've got the firearms training courses for you. Check out the class calendar on our website for openings, or just stop by our indoor shooting range, firearms training center, and gun shop in Blue Springs, MO anytime!

And of course don't forget to follow us on KCMO Talk Radio, Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest, Google+, LinkedIn, or right here on our blog for more gun safety and other gun-related tips and information! 

Gun Safety in the Home Begins with You! | Target Time Defense

Here at Target Time Defense, one of the most important things we teach is firearm safety. That includes taking the proper precautions when you're shooting, but it also means storing your guns safely when they're not in use. Studies of accidental shooting deaths among children aged 14 and under found that 70% could have been prevented by proper firearm safety and storage.

Machine Guns Are Legal: A Practical Guide to Full Auto


I love machine guns. They don’t call the selectors on automatic firearms “fun switches” for nothing, and I have yet to hand off a machine gun to someone and have it not bring a smile to their face (it brings me joy exposing people to full auto for the first time). For the sake of this article, the word “machine gun” will meet the ATF’s definition: Any weapon which shoots, is designed to shoot, or can be readily restored to shoot, automatically more than one shot without manual reloading, by a single function of the trigger.

The machine gun was invented here in the USA by Hiram Maxim, and interestingly enough, the USA is one of the few countries on the planet where regular folks can in fact own a fully automatic firearm. In fact, machine guns have never been illegal in the USA on a federal level. They are heavily regulated, but not illegal at all.

The timeline of machine gun legislation is as follows:

Prior to 1934, machine guns were not regulated any differently than any other firearm. You could quite literally order a machine gun from a mail order catalog… and people did. Thompsons for example initially did not interest the military too terribly much, but the guns found a niche with individuals seeking personal protection, police agencies, and unfortunately, gangsters. Ads like this were not uncommon:

Prompted by prohibition era gangsters and the rise of organized crime (law enforcement was seriously outgunned by the likes of bad guy like Dillinger), the United States drafted the National Firearms Act which passed in 1934. The National Firearms Act did not ban machine guns, but it made them impossible to afford for most people. To buy a machine gun under the 1934 NFA, an individual needs to submit the following (the procedure remains unchanged even today):

  • Pay a tax of $200, which in 1934 was worth over $3,500
  • Fill out a lengthy application to register your gun with the federal government
  • Submit photographs
  • Submit passport photos
  • Get your chief law enforcement official to sign your application
  • Wait for the results of your background check to come back

A violation of the national firearms act results in a felony punishable by up to 10 years in federal prison, a $100,000 fine, and forfeiture of the individual’s right to own or possess firearms in the future.

The next big piece of legislation pertinent to machine guns occurred in 1968 with the Gun Control Act. The Gun Control Act established that imported firearms that had “no sporting purpose” were not able to be sold to civilians. Machine guns as a whole were determined to have no sporting purpose, and thus any MG imported after ’68 are able to be owned only by dealers, military, and police agencies. One bit of good this act did was allowed for a registration amnesty. It became apparent that there were so many unregistered machine guns in the US that had been brought back by veterans, that they should be able to register them tax free. Luckily many of them did, but the amnesty ended after just one month (the feds owe us another few months, this humble author believes).

The last piece of machine gun legislation is to many the coup de grace. In 1986 the Firearm Owners Protection Act was intended to prevent the federal government from creating a registry of gun owners. At the last minute, William Hughes added an amendment that called for the banning of machine guns. Charlie Rangel said that the “amendment in the nature of a substitute, as amended, was agreed to.” However, after the voice vote on the Hughes Amendment, Rangel ignored a plea to take a recorded vote and moved on to Recorded Vote 74 where the Hughes Amendment failed. The bill passed on a motion to recommit. Despite the controversial amendment, the Senate adopted H.R. 4332 as an amendment to the final bill. The bill was subsequently passed and signed on May 19, 1986 by President Ronald Reagan. Thus, Reagan’s signature banned the registration of new machine guns in the USA.

So what does this mean? This is where it gets complicated:

  • Machine guns are not illegal, but it is illegal to make and register new ones on a form 1 (as you would do for an SBR)
  • There is no way around the May 19th, 1986 date. if the machine gun in question was made after that date, you may not own it (unless you are a dealer)

Also, there are three types of machine guns that determine the gun’s legal status:

  • Transferable: Guns registered prior to May 19th, 1986 that are able to be owned by everyone. There are only 182,619 transferable machine guns according to the ATF.
  • Pre-Samples: Machine guns imported after 1968 but before May 19th, 1986. The 1968 GCA established that machine guns with no sporting purposes could not be sold to civilians. Dealers can however buy them and keep them after they give up their licenses. As a general rule, pre-samples cost about half that of a transferable.
  • Post-Samples: Machine guns made after the May 19th, 1986 cutoff date. These are only for dealers, manufacturers, military, and police. A manufacturer who pays $500 a year is permitted by the federal government to manufacture these. A dealer (who is not a manufacturer) may acquire these if a police agency provides a “demo letter”. A demo letter is simply a letter from a PD asking you to acquire a sample gun for them to test and evaluate for potential purchase. Unfortunately dealers must sell or destroy post samples when they give up their license.

So that is that. I have looked and looked to try and find out NFA facts and a window into the registry, but most of it is internet lore and information from manufacturers records. I have seen the following as per estimates of how many of what exist:
a. 7,200 Hk sears

b. 6,000 FNC sears

c. 20,000 M11/9s

d. 500 SWD Lightning Links

e. 500 RIA M60s

f. 3300ish Group Industry (aka Vector) Uzi’s

g. At least 20,000 M16s

h. The NFA records are completely messed up , the ATF says the error rate on pre-68 records is 50%.

i. You have to assume that probably 10 to 20% of the 183K registered guns are easily gone now since 1943 (lost, stolen, damaged beyond repair). You have to remember that prior to 86 there wasnt a whole lot of value in a damaged M16 when the transfer or making tax was 1/3 the cost of the gun itself. Similar to suppressors today, who buys a used or damaged can when 25% of the value is in the transfer tax and you could just buy a new one from a dealer.

As a result of the closed registry, we cannot get new machine guns. We simply trade the ones that have been out there for years. This has resulted in very high prices. For example, one can get an AR15 for $600-700 in the USA, but I have seen converted automatic AR15s sell for $17,000. Factory Colt guns can go for $25,000+. Uzis which were a few hundred dollars back in the day are now bringing $12,000! This has created a small fiat driven marketplace for an extremely low amount of goods with an insanely high demand. For example, this here is a rather unremarkable piece of steel:

The bit of hardened steel is a registered Fleming HK sear. I have seen one sell for $27,000 so at roughly 0.25  ounces, that makes this steel worth $108,000 an ounce which makes it perhaps the most expensive metal on the planet (barring some obscure lanthanide or actinide) and 83 times more expensive than gold!

However, as the value on machine guns very seldom goes down, you could probably get your wife to understand your desire to buy one with the old “it’s an investment honey”. It sure is an investment too. I bought my first MG in January of 2010 for $3,000, and it is now worth $5,500. That is a 54% return on my purchase in just four years! I wish that all of my investments were like that one, and this even encouraged my father to get into the game (he even bought himself a machine gun not too long ago as an investment he can enjoy). That said, I would gladly take the monetary hit on my collection if others and myself could acquire post samples freely like they can suppressors.

A few frequently asked questions:

  • How does this guy on youtube have all these cool post-86 machineguns? He is either a dealer, a friend of a dealer, or a manufacturer. We were able to perform our series on the KRISS Vector because representatives from KRISS were there.
  • What are you and everyone else going to do when they repeal the machine gun ban? I don’t see this happening, but I would rejoice. I would love for sub-gun matches to become more common, rather than meetings of dealers and people who are very well off.
  • What about trusts, is that loophole going away? First of all, the trust method of acquiring NFA items is not a loophole. It is written into the text of the 1934 National Firearms Act that trusts and corporations meet the act’s definition of a person. Even the proposed rule changes will not eliminate trusts, just make each trustee apply for the transfer. This will make buying NFA guns much more of a headache to obtain.
  • I have a machine gun my grandpa left in the attic. What do I do? For the love of God, look for paperwork. If you find it, you are now much richer if you apply for a tax free form 5 (estate transfer). If you cannot find paperwork, torch cut the gun’s receiver and sell the parts, give it to a PD, or put the gun on a form 10 and give it to a museum (write an agreement that you can get the gun back if laws change).

So that is about it for machine guns in the USA.